The art of decorating fabric or other materials with needle and thread or yarn is known as Embroidery. A characteristic of embroidery is that the basic techniques for stitches of the earliest work—chain stitch, buttonhole or blanket stitch, cross stitch, running stitch, satin stitch are the fundamental techniques of hand embroidery in today era.
Material used for cross stitching is printed design or a graph, on other hand embroidery designs are stamped or drawn onto material.
These stitches are easy to learn for the first time. Experts wish to complete a pattern which is made up of satin stitches. In theory, the satin stitch is easy to master, but making it look smooth, shiny and free from voids can be rather difficult.
Cross – used to fill in open spaces, French knot style is used for small dots, such as flower centre, eyes etc, Lazy daisy style is used to make small flower petals, Outline stitch that outlines the design, Satin style used to fill open space that contain closely worked stitches, giving an appearance of satin in it.
Egyptians used embroidery for decoration purposes on the hems of royal robes in early times.Embroidery can also be done freehand.Granted, this kind of embroidery is done by machine in today era, but beautiful stitching is also possible through the age-old art of hand embroidery.For centuries, people used hand embroidered fabric into clothing, bedding, hats, coats, blankets, dress shirts, denim, stockingand quilts.
Machine embroidery in the early stages of the Industrial Revolution, used mimics of hand embroidery, especially in use of chain stitches, but the "satin stitch" and hemming stitches of machine work depends upon the use of multiple threads and resemble hand work in their appearance, not their construction.